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Title: R1191_09 Track 9_Avtar Singh Jouhl
Description: This is an oral history interview with Avtar Singh Jouhl, recorded between October 1991 - February 1992, as part of the Birmingham Black Oral History Project (BBOHP), discussing his life in India and the UK.
Avtar lived in Punjab, India until 1958 when he left college and travelled to England hoping to continue his studies. He worked in foundries in Birmingham and joined the Indian Workers Association after experiencing inequalities in the workplace. He talks about his upbringing in rural Punjab, India, his involvement with Trade Unions and politics and his work and family life in Birmingham.
These recordings include racially explicit content, including discussions of racism, prejudice and violence; and language and phrasing that we would not use today. Some of this content might be unsuitable for younger listeners or triggering for People of Colour.
We recommend reading the description for each track before choosing to listen.

Track 01 Organisational Problems For Black Workers Groups and the IWA
Avtar talks about co-ordinating black workers’ associations against racial discrimination

Track 02 The Co-Ordination Committee Against Racial Discrimination
Avtar talks about the united effort against racisim

Track 03 The National Committee for Commonwealth Immigrants
Avtar talks about how, when some organisations joined the Committee, it resulted in their near-demise and the reasons he declined to join

Track 04 Against Joining The State Apparatus
Avtar talks about how state organisations create a buffer between the black community

Track 05 IWA Retains Its Independence From State Funding
Avtar talks about how the IWA does not accept state funding and retains it independence

Track 06 IWA Retains Its Independence From State Funding (continued)
Avtar talks about how the IWA does not accept state funding and retains it independence

Track 07 IWA Funding From Its Members
Avtar explains how the IWA is funded and the contribution of volunteers

Track 08 IWA Split and Government of India Interference
Avtar explains how events in India influenced the split of the IWA

Track 09 Religion and Politics
Avtar describes how religion and politics became entwined with temples being used for political electioneering

Track 10 Indian Districts and Languages
Avtar talks about the different districts and languages spoken by Indians
Birmingham Museums Trust/Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery
Birmingham history
Sound Archive
Oral History
Social history
Black History
Social history
Social history
Birmingham Black Oral History Project
South Asia
Usage Rights: CC BY-NC 3.0 - Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 You are free to share & adapt this material. Credit: © Birmingham Museums Trust
    • ID: 23854
    • R1191_01 Track 1_Avtar Singh Jouhl
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    • R1191_04 Track 4_Avtar Singh Jouhl
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    • R1191_08 Track 8_Avtar Singh Jouhl
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    • R1191_03 Track 3_Avtar Singh Jouhl
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    • R1191_07 Track 7_Avtar Singh Jouhl
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    • R1191_02 Track 2_Avtar Singh Jouhl
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    • R1191_05 Track 5_Avtar Singh Jouhl
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    • R1191_06 Track 6_Avtar Singh Jouhl
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    • R1191_Merged Tracks_Avtar Singh Jouhl
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    • R1191_10 Track 10_Avtar Singh Jouhl